the 4 types of motivation

The 4 Types Of Motivation.

Basically, there are 4 types of motivation in life, and they exist to help human beings stay focused to forge ahead and succeed in hard times.

These 4 types of motivation either begins externally or internally and are defined by action or non-action.

Understanding these 4 types of motivation is very important for an individual or organization who are seeking for higher performance or goal achievement in life.

The 4 types of motivation.

The 4 types of motivation in life are extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, introjected motivation and identified motivation.

1. Extrinsic motivation.

This kind of motivation is seen as an external influence which compels people to act or behave in a particular way. An example is to accomplish a task or job.

It can also be seen as a personal goal. An example is losing weight.

External influence may include award, rewards, promotions, prices, etc. Where a body like FIFA might reward a football team with a cup for winning a tournament. An individual may also reward himself.

The problem with extrinsic motivation is that wherever there is a reward for doing something, people tend to see it as a part of the effort and not the reward proper. This is because the expectations was already established.

There also exists the problem of extrinsic motivation not having a meaning, because even if there is a compensation for a particular work or task, individuals should not perform to the expectation.

2. Intrinsic motivation.

This kind of motivation may be seen as an internal motivation and it is believed to occur when the actions aligns with the value or pleasure of performing a task.

The key to understand this kind of motivation lies in the relationship of what motivates the individual internally based on the value or desires. For instance, people tend to place high value on being recommended for a job well done than being given the end of year bonus.

Human beings develop the willingness to put in their effort to work when they have the knowledge that people are seeing and loving it.

However, intrinsic motivation is somewhat subjective, and it is very difficult to balance depending on the workforce and what will appease the laborer.

3. Introjected motivation.

Same as intrinsic motivationbut in the negative form. It results from non-action example a person unable to carry out a task or failing woefully in it.

Though this form of motivation is seen from a negative reinforcement, the stimulus which motivates the individual is internal rather than external.

This type of motivation nd often occurs in many ways such as a teacher making a bad comment on the poor performance of a student in class.

Although these type of statement are intended to make one feel guilty and be motivated to perform better. It however might anger or confuse the person who might end up reacting negatively.

Bullying is one good example of this kind of motivation.

4. Identified motivation.

This type of motivation occurs when one has an understanding or feels the need to perform or accomplish a task, but resist to act fast.

This kind of motivation is very powerful and prepares the individual for the action at hand.

Often times, people feel that behavioral influencers like reward or punishments are enough to motivate an action, without realizing that most times, motivation takes some time to build up

For example, if the risk of getting lungs cancer can motivate someone to quit smoking, many people would not be smoking today.

But then the desire to quit smoking occurs bit by bit until if the reality of the cancer hits the individual if he falls sick.

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